Introduction to 20th Century Philosophy: Edmund Husserl and Phenomenology
This article is a summary of a YouTube video "20.Yüzyıl Felsefesi Başlıyor: Edmund Husserl ve Fenomenoloji" by Pelin Dilara Çolak
TLDR Edmund Husserl's phenomenology focuses on the investigation of the structures, meanings, and schemas in our subjective experiences, emphasizing the subjective nature of consciousness and the importance of meaning in our lived experiences.
Meaning and Structures of Experience
Edmund Husserl's phenomenology aims to establish a systematic correlation between meaning and the formula of objects in the world, leading to transcendental phenomenology.
Husserl's phenomenology goes beyond mere harmony and delves into the meaningful structures of experience, emphasizing the importance of meaning in our lived experiences.
Even if all the physical trees are burned down, the meaning of a tree will still exist, highlighting the distinction between the physical world and our subjective experiences.
According to Husserl, modern works of art that may be considered ugly or simple can still hold deep philosophical meaning and reflect the horizontal-vertical equivalents of phenomena.
Husserl's phenomenology aims to reveal the immanent logos within our subjective experiences, emphasizing the investigation of the structures, meanings, and schemas in the object of our experiences.
Phenomenology explores the ideal meanings that remain constant, despite our changing experiences, providing insights into our perception and intuition.
Essence of Conscious Experience
Edmund Husserl is considered the founder of phenomenology, which focuses on the essence of conscious experience.
"The essence of consciousness inevitably includes First-person character."
Phenomenology characterizes what one experiences from a first-person point of view, highlighting the subjective nature of consciousness.
"Consciousness is not a thing, a vessel, a substance, it is this activity."
"If I bracket their existential character, if I suspend it, that is, if I cancel it or they abstract from this time towards the object, I suggest the style nay and I begin to operate within the field of pure experiences and national that way."