This article is a summary of a YouTube video "Data Science Ethics – What Could Go Wrong and How to Avoid It" by freeCodeCamp Talks
TLDR Data science ethics is a complex and ongoing issue, but data scientists are actively working on solutions to address ethical challenges, such as the manipulation of user data, privacy concerns, and algorithmic fairness.
Despite the numerous problems in data scienceethics, there is ongoing research and exploration of new and interesting solutions by data scientists, indicating a commitment to addressing these ethical challenges.
The ethical principles around data fall into four categories: autonomy, informed consent, beneficence, and non-maleficence, which are shaped by human subject research.
The Facebook mood manipulation experiment in 2012 revealed the power of manipulating users' news feeds to influence their emotions and behavior.
The use of extensive data analysis and targeted advertising on social media platforms played a significant role in political campaigns, raising questions about the impact of data-driven strategies on elections.
Deidentification of data by removing identifiable information like name and address may not be sufficient to protect the identity of individuals, highlighting the need for stronger privacy measures.
Fairness in algorithms is crucial, as they should classify people in ways that align with common sense notions of fairness, considering both individual and aggregate outcomes.
Algorithms can unintentionally perpetuate discrimination by using biased data, leading to unfair outcomes and reduced utility.
The use of algorithms in predicting criminal behavior can lead to significant racial disparities, with black defendants being falsely flagged as future criminals at a higher rate than white defendants.