The key idea of the video is that hard tech startups face unique challenges, but can create monumental leverage and defensibility by solving complex problems with scalable technology and a shared language.
Building large-scale computers face challenges with Moore's law and parallelization, but a Berkeley startup has developed a quantum computing system with 60-70 qubits.
Tianhe-2 was the most powerful computer costing $400 million, burning 20 megawatts of electricity, based on 3.2 million intel cores, and about half the size of a football field.
Building large-scale computers is facing two problems: the end of Moore's law and the limiting benefits of parallelization according to Amdahl's law and Bell's law.
Obama plans to build an exascale computer 30 times more powerful than Tianhe-2 by 2020, costing a billion dollars and requiring a nuclear power plant, but there is a faster and cheaper path through quantum computing.
A hard tech startup in Berkeley has developed a quantum computing system with a single chip containing 60-70 qubits, requiring the development of their own supply chain and advanced electronics for control and access over the cloud.
Quantum computing uses individual photons to store and process information, allowing for scalable chip technology.
The speaker spent 15 years working on the problem of quantum computing and was inspired to pursue it due to frustration with not understanding quantum physics and how computers work.
The speaker worked on developing quantum integrated circuits using special electrical circuits based on superconductors that mimic real atoms, which allows for leveraging traditional semi character manufacturing capabilities and building scalable chip technology.
Quantum computers store and process information in individual photons, using about a hundred billion photons per bit process in the iPhone 7.
Build a full stack business with integration, capabilities, and clarity to create a successful hard tech organization.
Integration creates defensibility and the goal is to build a full stack business including chip, system integration, software, applications, and drug design.
Take 10 minutes to reflect on what kind of company or organization resonates with you, especially if it's a hard tech organization, and as a founder or leader, your job is to build the necessary capabilities and create organizational clarity.
Creating a product or company involves a process of pumping entropy out of the vision through making micro decisions and building capabilities.
Hire people who pump entropy out of your vision for your organization.