Ultimate Developer Roadmap: From Fortran to Emoji Code and Beyond

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This article is a summary of a YouTube video "God-Tier Developer Roadmap" by Fireship
TLDR Programming languages have evolved over the years, from Fortran to modern languages like Python, JavaScript, and Rust, to esoteric languages like Brainfuck and Emoji Code, and even low-level languages like C minus minus and transistors.

Key insights

  • 🧊
    The best place for beginners to start learning programming is with languages designed to make it as easy as possible, such as Scratch.
  • 💻
    Learning just one high-level language can lead to a successful career as a software engineer, but don't limit yourself to just one.
  • 💻
    Learning scripting languages like bash and powershell can make tasks reproducible and save time for specialized programmers.
  • 🌎
    Java's ability to compile to bytecode that runs on any computer architecture from a single codebase has made it a crucial part of production code worldwide.
  • 📱
    Kotlin, Swift, and Dart are the modern, concise, statically-typed languages used for mobile app development.
  • 💻
    Go language is designed as a replacement for C and has a garbage collector, making it approachable to beginners and eliminating the need for manual memory management.
  • 🤯
    APL, which appeared in 1962, implements linear algebra directly into the language with a multi-dimensional array or matrix being the central data type, leading to extremely terse code that resembles mathematical notation and makes heavy use of the Greek alphabet.
  • 💻
    Understanding the architecture of a computer and counting in binary is essential for developers, but building a next-gen quantum computer could make you the richest person in history.


  • What is the best programming language for beginners?

    Scratch is the best place to start if you know nothing about programming and want to learn how to code from scratch.

  • Why is Python popular?

    Python is the most popular dynamic high-level language today due to its minimal syntax and accessibility for beginners.

  • What are scripting languages used for?

    Bash and Powershell are scripting languages used to interact with a computer programmatically, while HTML and CSS are used to define the structure and style of a website.

  • What are the advantages of static type systems?

    Dynamic languages like Python, PHP, Lua, Ruby, R, and Julia are popular for web apps, data science, and scientific computing, but static type systems can provide more rigid frameworks for complex software.

  • What are some modern languages for low-level programming?

    Rust, V, and Zig are modern languages that are designed to simplify low level programming and provide memory safety.

Timestamped Summary

  • 💻
    Scratch is the best place to start learning to code, and Python is the most popular language for beginners.
  • 💻
    Learning a high-level language like Python or JavaScript will enable you to build almost anything and have a successful career as a software engineer.
  • 💻
    Java, Kotlin, Swift, Dart, Go, and functional languages like Haskell, F#, Scala, Clojure, OCaml, Elixir, Elm, and C have revolutionized programming with their virtual machines, compilers, and concise syntax.
  • 💻
    C/C++ are powerful but hard to learn, while Rust, V, and Zig are modern languages designed to make low-level programming easier and safer.
  • 🤖
    From Fortran to Carbon, programming languages have come a long way in the last 60 years.
  • 🤪
    Intercal, Brainfuck, and Emoji Code are all esoteric programming languages, each with their own unique features and quirks.
  • 🤖
    C minus minus is a portable assembly language used to build Temple OS, while transistors are organized into logic gates to enable us to do useful things.
  • 🤔
    I create my own reality.
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This article is a summary of a YouTube video "God-Tier Developer Roadmap" by Fireship
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